As regulated in Article 20 of the Trademark Law, a mark cannot be registered if it does not have distinctiveness. This begs the question, what would qualify as “unique” in terms of trademarks? How do you determine distinguishability in this context?
To the layman, the term “disputes” in context of IP may automatically remind them of courts, lawyers, and time consuming legal processes. However, this is not the case. This article covers alternative dispute resolutions that is available for IP owners.
Indonesian trademark law stipulates that if a trademark isn't used for three years, the third party can ask the Commercial Court to remove it. So, it means the third party will initiate a litigation dispute with the trademark owner. The same case happened with Exxon Mobil Company and Pabrik Tjat Joen Kie Djakarta, fighting over a flying horse logo. Exxon Mobil Company, as a Plaintiff, accuses the registered trademark of Pabrik Tjat Joen Kie Djakarta because they never used it in business. The following article will explain the judges' decisions and the legal analysis of Indonesian trademark law.
Experienced and committed brand protection is crucial in the business world. The case study we're about to discuss involves Jollibee Food Corporation (JFC), a multinational company from the Philippines known for its famous fast-food brand. The company owns the "JOLLIBEE" trademark, which has been a valuable asset since 1978. However, they faced a challenge when a lawsuit was filed for the cancellation of the brand by another party claiming rights to the same name. This article delves into the trademark dispute involving Jollibee and the legal aspects associated with it, including arguments from both sides.
A cancellation against registered trademarks can be requested by international trademark owners even though the trademark has been legally registered at the DGIP. Some of the reasons for such requests may include prior registration, usage in the country of origin, or the establishment of the trademark as well-known. Thus, when an international trademark owner intends to register their trademark in Indonesia, a comprehensive trademark search and an appropriate legal strategy are essential so that the international trademark will smoothly matured into registration in Indonesia. For more details, please refer to the explanation in the following article.
Before registering your trademark in another country, you should conduct a trademark search to prevent similarities with other parties' trademarks. So, when the trademark has been used in the trading process, there is no intellectual property rights of other parties are violated, and you can also use your trademark exclusively. However, what if there is a case where a trademark that you want to register has similarities with another trademark that is the original trademark of the country where your trademark will be registered? Which brand will be prioritized for legal protection? In this article, we will present the answers to these legal questions.
Trademark rights are exclusive rights granted by the state to the registered trademark owner for a certain period by using the trademark itself or giving permission to other parties. The other party will own all of the rights in the transferred trademark. However, Indonesian trademark law only allows the same party to receive that transferred trademark right. So, what are the legal consequences if two parties or more are receiving the transfer right of the trademark? Here is the full article.
You may be familiar with one of Mexico's signature dishes, tacos. Tacos are traditional Mexican food in tortilla shells filled with vegetables, meat, and sauce. This dish is known worldwide thanks to Glen Bell's Taco Bell fast food restaurant outlets. The Taco Bell recently filed a trademark cancellation lawsuit against Taco John, which had registered a mark called "Taco Tuesday." Taco Bell thinks that the word "Taco Tuesday" is a common term that anyone has the right to use, so Taco Bell sued Taco John to cancel its trademark registration of "Taco Tuesday." Read the full article to find out how the dispute is progressing.
The trademark sign will be a differentiator from one of the other products. As a "differentiator" sign, the word or name used in a trademark should not be a common term used in everyday life (Generic Terms). The generic term is a general category or class of goods or services rather than a specific brand or product. It will lead to unfair business competition because people are already used the terms in daily life. It is a consequence of the exclusive rights granted by the state to the generic trademark owner. To fully understand the discussion on this topic, please continue reading the following article.
Elon Musk’s acquisition of the social media platform (formerly known as Twitter) has been nothing short of a tumultuous and contentious affair, with each new development garnering its fair share of unwanted headlines. Staff downsizing, paid "blue tick" verification, and the unbanning of controversial figures are just a few of the decisions that contributed to the platform’s difficult transitional phase. Yet, amidst this storm of controversy, perhaps the most astonishing and unexpected twist has been the bold rebranding of Twitter into "X, a move that has left both the platform’s passionate user base and industry observers perplexed. The rebranding is regarded as a risky move mainly for two reasons, both concerning trademarks.
Deep linking is a technology that makes it easier for a site owner to link and direct his website visitors to one page. Generally, deep linking is used in advertising activities and marketing a brand digitally. But did you know that such actions could be a potential brand infringement? For detailed information, please continue reading the following article.
When it comes to trademark disputes Indonesia between international companies and local brands, do the latter tend to be less favoured? Does Indonesian Trademark Law favour one or the other?
Earlier this year, the China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA) released a draft proposing amendments to the PRC Trademark Law. This a summary on the key changes proposed by the draft.
Every entrepreneur dreams of growing their businesses beyond the domestic scope, but as their companies expand internationally, safeguarding their trademarks becomes much more complex. To help you tackle this effectively, we have compiled four easy tips for international trademark protection.
Trademarks are important for businesses to protect their identities and build consumer trust. However, there are instances where trademark eligibility is pushed too its limits
Properly safeguarding your startup's trademark through effective trademark protection strategies can be a game-changer that sets one apart from a fiercely competitive market. Join us as we break down four compelling reasons why trademark protection should be an integral part of any startup's business strategy.
Argentinean superstars Lionel Messi against Diego Maradona will always be subject of debate for football fans, but did you know there was a trademark dispute that involved them?
Trade dress protection protects the look and feels that distinguishes a product. It’s one of the many tools that IP law provides businesses to establish an identity that sets them apart from their competitors. Kindly check our bio to read the full article.
Nowadays, various platforms have appeared that sell registered brands. At first glance this looks like a promising new business opportunity, however, the USPTO Director urges us to be very careful. So, what will happen if we buy a trademark from this way? Read the full article at the link in our bio.
Trademark disputes are often challenging. Most cases concern two similar Marks, in which common Trademark law norms dictate that one party must prove that their Mark is distinguishable from the other. This is often difficult to do, as there is no objective standard on what would make a mark too similar to another. A recent experiment offers a solution to this conundrum by applying a discipline that is perhaps foreign to legal experts: neuroscience.
Trademark is the most important asset for business. It will be a differentiator between your business and others. If the brand has good legal protection, customer trust and business profits will increase. That's why many well-known marks are very strict about protecting their trademarks. For example, the Rolex Oyster Perpetual which inhibit other company to use the word "Oyster" in its trademark. Visit the link in our bio to learn more about a trademark dispute.
An understanding of IP is essential for digital creators to avoid future lawsuits. As we can see in the case of Hermes vs. Mason Rothschild, described how complicated the trademark dispute goes.
It's crucial for business owners to adapt to the digital world in all aspects, not excluding the protection of their valuable IPs. Here are four key challenges that must be understood in regard to IP and e-commerce.
Adidas loses trademark battle as a jury in New York rules in favour of their opposition, designer Thom Browne
Two recent cases that involved two of the biggest names in combat sports have highlighted how complicated it can be to register a Trademark for a personal name.
A trade secret is a part of the Intellectual Property Rights system because a trade secret is a right that has economic value and can make a company gain profit, thereby supporting business activities. One example of a trade secret is information about certain food recipes used by restaurants in making their food. The Trade Secret Law states that Trade Secret Rights can be transferred or transferred by inheritance, grants, wills, written agreements, or other reasons justified by laws and regulations. This article also explains the difference between the Transfer of Trade Secret Rights and Licenses.
Can a company recoup damages based on foreign sales? A recent trademark dispute between companies from different countries might soon shed new light on territorial trademark issues.
In the era of the industrial revolution 4.0, companies can reach potential customers around the world using the internet. However, this technological development is widely used by irresponsible persons to sell counterfeit goods and even trade using world-renowned brands. Therefore global brand protection must be the centre of law.
The Italian fashion model company, Gucci, had to accept their defeat over the lawsuit they filed against a local Japanese brand, Cuggl. Cuggl is a Japanese fashion brand created by Nobuaki Kurokawa and based in Osaka. This brand is known for its trademark, designing parody shirts from well-known brands at affordable prices. This case started when Gucci sued Cuggl for designing clothes that had a logo resembling the Gucci brand. The Cuggl logo with a font similar to Gucci's and the bottom half of the logo covered in paint can confuse consumers so that consumers may think that the product is a product of the Gucci brand. Because of this, Gucci filed a lawsuit to cancel the ownership of the Cuggl trademark to the Japanese Patent Office (JPO). After going through a long process, the Japanese Patent Office (JPO) finally decided to reject the lawsuit filed by Gucci. JPO considers that Gucci and Cuggl are two brands that have different concepts in terms of visuals, phonetics and conceptually so that customers will be clear in differentiating them. Even though the trial was over with the rejection of the lawsuit from Gucci, it is reported that Gucci is not just silent and plans to make an appeal.
Registering a Trademark in Indonesia is very easy. This article explains why you should register your Trademark in Indonesia, the easy steps to take, and tips so that your Trademark will be accepted. Why Should Your Trademark Be Registered? As a developing country, Indonesia has become an export destination for developed countries in marketing their goods and services. With an average of 8,500 submissions for new trademark registrations per month from home and abroad, businesses from Europe, America, Japan, China and Korea are competing fiercely with local companies to get protection for their brands in Indonesia.
At the Paris Fashion Week event some time ago, Kanye West drew controversy because he wore a shirt that read 'White Lives Matter'. It became controversial because the slogan contradicted the slogan 'Black Lives Matter’, which had become a decentralised political and social movement to fight racism, discrimination and racial inequality. The Trademark 'White Lives Matter' in the US is legally owned by two Civic Chipper radio broadcasters: Ramses Ja and Quinton Ward. They were the ones who prevented Kanye from selling T-shirts with that slogan. This case is still a hot topic of discussion in the US. Can a registered Trademark be used by anyone else’s brand? What penalty for using someone else's brand?
The ViVO gas station has recently garnered attention, primarily for providing relatively lower costs amidst rising gas prices. Moreover, some might wonder if ViVo, the gas station, has any relation with ViVO smartphone that shares not only the same name (along with the stylized “i”) but also experiences in Indonesian price wars.
Applying for a trademark registration could be a difficult thing if you're ill prepared for it. Make sure to be aware of these things before you send out you application.
A new wave of influencers has taken over social media, with a more cutting-edge look appealing to younger generations. Digital influencers, also known as virtual humans, are the newest addition to the world of social media marketing. In 2018, Koichi Kishimoto and Takayuki Moriya teamed up to create a new creative-based form of intellectual property (IP). The pink-haired virtual girl called imma is Asia’s first virtual human. Her name was appropriately inspired by the Japanese word for “now.” She has grown a cult-like following with over 350,000 followers on Instagram and over 250,000 followers on TikTok.
What is a Trademark? Trademark is your brand’s identity. It can be argued that Trademark can encourage one's business activities, as long as the Trademark is “managed” properly. Using the word "manage" when talking about Trademark is a bit odd. After all, Trademark is not a living thing that can move on its own to help business, so what does "manage your Trademark" mean?
Scouts are known to uphold positive values such as courage, humility, team work and resourcefulness. However, one case from America proves that even scouts could get involve in disputes
A mark can be any sign or combination of signs capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one individual or enterprise from those of another. The sign generally comprises words, names, numbers, symbols, or a combination of these elements.
Recently, news has been circulating that Baim Wong has applied trademark registry for "Citayam Fashion Week", leading many to claim that that he is "stealing" CFW from the public. Is this valid? How does trademark registry work?
A mark can be any sign or combination of signs capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one individual or enterprise from those of another. The sign generally comprises words, names, numbers, symbols, or a combination of these elements.
In certain jurisdictions, legal protection for marks can be gained by registration and/or usage of such marks. As a result, marks are protected by two legal systems: a constitutive system based (first-to-file) and a declarative system (first-to-use).
Picture the word 'Trademark', what exactly appears on your mind? Typically, you'd be picturing images, writings, colors, etc. A visual existence that can be seen and used by the Trademark's owner to market their product.
Hundreds of foreign nationals from other countries open new enterprises in the United States every year. The US government appreciates this trend and acknowledges that the appearance of foreign enterprises, one of which is from Indonesia, has helped create jobs for its residents while also increasing the country's economy.
Trademark is an essential component in all areas of business. It may have a significant influence on sales. A well-known trademark may advertise a product or service that reflects the company and gives a competitive advantage. Due to the fame and good reputation of a trademark, there is a potential that certain parties can commercialize the brand. This article will discuss the legality of selling brands in Indonesia.
Trademark as the identity of a product is one of the things you must prioritize when marketing your product. Especially if the Trademark in mind is unique or impressive. Because Indonesia adheres to the first to file system, Trademarks should be registered immediately before other parties who have the same idea registers.
Risks always follow a business. The bitter truth is that regardless of how confident we are of our business or product, there’s always a chance that it will fail. Factors such as market competition, technological developments, internal conflicts and so forth, have potential to destroy the lives of entrepreneurs. Furthermore, as we all know, a business is nearly inseparable from a trademark, as sellers would need marks to help differentiate themselves from their competitors. Thus, questions emerge: What happens to trademarks or brands of dead products? Are these “zombie brands” of any use?
The debut of Stranger Things Season 4 is a long-awaited culmination in Netflix history. The series gives a nostalgic experience set in an 80s atmosphere. Furthermore, the characters can give their charm to the audience. Some companies see this enthusiasm as a prospect of monetizing intellectual property. Monetization is intended to optimize sales from current brands and collaborate with Stranger Things, either by releasing new products or adding some limited edition ones.
To combat the distribution of counterfeit Korean pop ("K-Pop") merchandise, the internet market has been closely monitored since February 2022. The Korea Intellectual Property Office, in collaboration with the Korea Music Content Association and entertainment firms, conducts this surveillance.
Discussing the trademark registry for a war slogan that originated from the Snake Island attack by a Russian warship, and it's hypothetical registry in Indonesia.
According to Kim and Cho's journal "A content study of advertising transitions: Impact of brand name, persona, and appeals", brand name has a correlation with the reputation possessed by a brand. The portmanteau technique is one of methods to ‘expand’ the company’s business.
McDonald's officially announced the closing of all of its outlets in Russia on March 8, 2022. This decision resulted in a rather long line at numerous McDonald's locations around Russia. In response to this occurrence, a pianist from Russia self-cuffed himself in front of a McDonald's outlet.
The Office of the Royal Society Thailand (ORST) declared on February 15, 2022, that Thailand has changed the name of its capital from Bangkok to Krung Thep Maha Nakhon. Krung Thep Maha Nakhon directly means “Great City of Angels.” Thai people, on the other hand, abbreviate it to Krung Thep in daily conversation.
The Indonesian Halal label authorized by the Halal Product Assurance Administration (“BPJPH“) entered into force nationally in March 2022 with the Decree of the Head of BPJPH Number 40 of 2022. Meanwhile, the Indonesian Ulema Council’s (“MUI“) halal label has been formally revoked and is no longer being applied progressively. The Minister of Religion of the Republic of Indonesia, Yaqut Cholil Qoumas, disclosed the change in the halal label.
On February 28 to March 8, 2022, 10 (ten) local Indonesian brands participated in a fashion show in Paris, France, including Scarlett, MS Glow, DEKRANASDA, 3Second, La Sabelle, Chayra, Brand No Brand, Greenlight, Shade Signature, and Geprek Bensu.
Why do most international organizations and governing bodies, such as the Olympics, use the term table tennis instead of ping pong? Read the article to find out more
Metaverse gained popularity after Mark Zuckerberg renamed the parent firm Facebook to Meta and established Metaverse. Metaverse is a multi-user virtual reality suite that seamlessly blends physical reality with the digital world.
Indonesia's trademark laws are relatively new, regardless, the history of Indonesian trademark laws has gone through a number of key stages.
In the previous article, we discussed the legality of parody in the realm of copyright law. In this article, we will discuss parody in the realm of trademark law. Parody is not only done on creations, there are also many sellers who use parody of well-known marks so as to give a humorous impression of the mark, and can also be one of the marketing methods to increase profits. As an example the well-known mark “ANGRY BIRDS” which was parodied as “ANGKRY NGAN” or the well-known mark “ADIDAS” which was parodied as “AINDA” and “ADIMAS”.
Throughout history, merchants have always had a habit of leaving distinguishing marks on their product. How did this practice develop into modern trademarks as we know it today? And how did the idea of trademark protection come about?
Art can come in any form, including sneakers. Therefore, sneakers, like any other form of art, can convey a message or a statement. Such is the background of Ari Menthol 10’s
From the data officially released by the DJKI on the pdki-indonesia.dgip.go.id website which can be accessed by the public, it can be seen that the growth of trademark registration continues to increase. Even in 2020 when we have entered the Covid-19 pandemic, there is still 9.43% growth.
Both brands are from different countries. One is known as an underwear manufacturer, the other is a well-known polo shirt. Or maybe do you think they are the same?
Turned, licked, dipped, who is unfamiliar with this jingle? OREO, the dark colored biscuits with vanilla cream filling is quite special. The biscuits were produced by Kraft Foods and distributed in Indonesia since 1960. The fame and success of these biscuits encouraged other entrepreneurs to produce similar products with the aim of getting the same success, which in the end became a challenge for Kraft Foods as the creator and owner of the OREO trademark.
Who here isn't familiar with Coca-Cola? The carbonated soft drink brand can be found in almost every place, from hypermarkets, fast food restaurants, beverage vending machines, to roadside stalls. Until now, Coca-Cola has been marketed in more than 200 countries in the world. But did you know? Coca-Cola has apparently changed its brand logo more than 10 times!
You must be familiar with Fried Chicken Restaurant NY. SUHARTI if you are a foodie. This Fried Chicken Restaurant NY. SUHARTI, has been in Indonesia for over 30 years and is well-known for its fried chicken and sauce. Did you know that the name "Suharti" is used by two restaurants?
Today's daily necessities are easier to find, both online and offline. For Partners who have a hobby of shopping malls, they are certainly familiar with the Uniqlo, Miniso, and Usupso brands. They are all retailers with a Japanese feel.
On March 22, 2021, PT Gudang Garam Tbk filed a lawsuit for the cancellation of the trademark owned by PT Gudang Baru in the Surabaya district court. Previously, PT Gudang Baru was sued in 2012 and lost in the trial. However, PT Gudang Baru did not want to give up its trademark, so PT Gudang Garam sued PT Gudang Baru for the second time.Who is the winner of the second round trial between Gudang Garam vs Gudang Baru?
To get more profit from the films produced, usually film studios make merchandise related to the movie. Who doesn't know the Transformers movie, this movie is liked by adults and children alike because of its exciting and thrilling. Apart from the movies, transformers are also favored by children because of the merchandise in the form of action figure toys. It is not uncommon for us to see collaborations between transformers and other clothing and toy brands. The question is whether the movie title gets copyrighted?
Counterfeit products are imitation products that are made as closely as possible from the original product. With the increasing need for public consumption, counterfeit products are very popular because by buying counterfeit products we can buy products that are similar to well-known brand products at low prices even though the quality provided is still far from it of the original product.
People in Indonesia must be familiar with McDonald's. McDonald's is a fast food restaurant that was founded in America. Itsgood taste, affordable and fast service make this restaurant popular among people all over the world. Behind the success of this restaurant franchise, it lies a tragic story behind it. The following is a story about the founding of McDonald's and the lessons we can take from this story.
Based on the above provision, it can be clearly seen that a trademark is a sign which has a function to distinguish product produced or sold by one producer from another. Trademark is a unique identity or identifier of a product, thus one of the requirements for a trademark to be registered is the mark must have a distinctiveness. As regulated in Article 20 of the Trademark Law which states that a mark cannot be registered if it does not have distinctiveness. Distinctive of a trademark is the ability of trademark to identify the source of goods in order to distinguish between goods and services
Pursuant to the Article 1 point 5 of Indonesian Law No. 20 of 2016 on Trademark and Geographical Indication, Trademark Right shall mean an exclusive right granted by the State to the owner of registered Mark for a certain period of time to exclusively use such Mark only for him/her or to grant license to other parties to use such Mark. Referring to the said meaning, the trademark owner has fully right of his/her trademark including to forbid other parties in using the trademark or the trademark which is considered having a similarity in essential or entirety to his/her trademark.
Common word can be filed as a mark as long as it has distinguishing elements from other marks. This is in accordance with the regulation of Article 22 of Law No. 20 of 2016 regarding Trademark and Geographical Indication that “For Registered Mark that subsequently becomes generic name, each Individual may submit Mark Application by using the referred generic name with addition of other wording, as long as there is a differentiating element.”
What is a substantive examination? According to Article 23 Paragraph 1 of Law No. 20 of 2016 regarding Trademark and Geographical Indication, a substantive examination is an examination carried out by the Examiner to application for registration of Mark.
After running approximately 10 years, Unilever PLC as the party who filed an invalidation lawsuit against the trademark “Nivea Blue Color Pantone 280 C” in the name of Beiersdorf AG decided to stop and withdraw the said invalidation lawsuit. This withdrawal of invalidation lawsuit shows that Beiersdorf AG as the proprietor of registered trademark still has an exclusive right of trademark Nivea Blue Color.
A trademark application cannot be registered due to many reasons, i.e. if the said application contradicts with the Trademark and Geographical Indication Law No. 20 of 2016 (hereinafter referred to as “UUM and IG”), specifically to the Article 20 letter c which asserts “A Mark cannot be Registered if contains elements that may mislead the society on the nature, quality, type, measurement, category, purpose of the usage of goods and/or services applied for registration or it is a name of protected plant variety for similar goods and/or services”
Cadbury is a mark of chocolate and candy that is already very well known in the world and has been existed for almost 100 years. The distinctive feature attached to this British chocolate is its purple packaging. Strongly attached to these characteristics, Cadbury mark chocolate can be easily recognized and distinguished by consumer just by looking at the packaging color. This opportunity was used by Cadbury to propose the "purple" color especially for the purple pantone type 2685C as a single-color mark in 1995. Three years later the "purple" mark was registered at the British Trademark Office by protecting the type of goods "chocolate in the form of bar or tablet."
One of the attentions of the Indonesian Government under President Joko Widodo is to the creative economy. Remembering that Indonesia’s diversity of culture should be considered as a treasure, the President has a high expectation that Indonesia can maximize the utilization of its cultures. In this case, to maximize the potential of creative economy, the Indonesian Government finally issued the Law No. 24 of 2019 regarding Creative Economy (Creative Economy Law) on 24 October 2019.
Trademark has several functions in trade, namely to show the origin of goods to consumer, as a product differentiator, as well as a guarantor of product quality and promotion.  In this case, it can be realized that Trademark has a great role for manufacturer in selling its products to consumers because the Trademark becomes the identity of a product. Furthermore, in terms of determining the Trademark to be used, the Trademark owners have freedom to determine the Trademark as what they want to be the identity of their products. However, trademark owners must pay attention to the provisions that apply under the Law Number 20 Year 2016 concerning Trademark and Geographic Indications (Trademark Law). The first thing that the trademark owner must pay attention to is the provision in Article 1 paragraph (1) of the Trademark Law which explains the Trademark definition as follows:
alam hal ini, dapat disadari bahwa merek memiliki peran yang besar bagi produsen dalam menjual produk-produknya ke konsumen karena merek menjadi identitas dari suatu produk. Selanjutnya, dalam hal menentukan merek yang akan digunakan, para pemilik merek memiliki kebebasaan dalam menentukan merek seperti apa yang mereka inginkan untuk menjadi identitas dari produk-produk mereka. Namun demikian, para pemilik merek dalam pembuatan mereknya harus memperhatikan ketentuan-ketentuan yang berlaku berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2016 tentang Merek dan Indikasi Geografis (UU Merek).
The President of Indonesia finally issued the Presidential Regulation No. 63 of 2019 on the Use of Indonesian Language (Regulation 63/2019) on 30 September 2019 in order to replace the Presidential regulation No. 16 of 2010 on the Use of Indonesian Language in the Official Speech of President and/or Vice President along with other State Officials, and to support the Law No. 24 of 2009 regarding the National Flag, Language, Coat of Arms and Anthem (Language Law 24/2009).
McDonald's has lost its mark protection to one of its mark, "Mc" after previously losing its mark protection to its "Bigmac" mark. Cancellation of "Mc" mark re-registration was based on objections raised by rival company Supermac's European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO). The case between McDonald's and Supermac's began with Supermac's difficulties in applying for registration of the "Supermac's" mark in the European Union because it was always prevented by McDonald's parties who objected to EUIPO on the basis that they had an exclusive right to use the word "Mc" so that there should be no other party who may use the mark other than McDonald's.
On June 19, 2019, the European Union General Court ruled that Adidas AG's "3 Lines" mark was canceled for registration in the European Union. The reason for canceling the mark is that the Court considers that Adidas's mark does not have sufficient distinguishing power to be protected as a trademark so that the decision of the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) to cancel Adidas's "3 Lines" trademark is appropriate.
As is known, in the modern era trade in goods and/or services can not only be done through conventional means but trade can also be done through electronic commerce (e-commerce). Various facilities are offered through e-commerce so that the activity is much in demand by public because consumers are given the convenience to buy goods using only electronic devices such as computer, laptop and handphone.