What are Plant Varieties and Plant Variety Protection?
Based on Article 1 point 3 of Law Number 29 of 2000 concerning Protection of Plant Varieties (PVP Law), Plant variety is a group of crops/plants from one type or species that is denoted by its shape, growth, leaves, flowers, fruits, seed and its genetic characteristics or genetic combination that can be differentiated from similar types or species by at least one determining attribute and when reproduced do not experience any change.
Meanwhile, Plant Variety Protection, hereinafter abbreviated as PVP according to Article 1 point 1 of the PVP Law, is a special protection provided by the state, which in this case is represented by the Government and its implementation is carried out by the Plant Variety Protection Office for plant varieties produced by plant breeders through breeding activities.
Terms and Period of Plant Variety Protection
According to Article 2 paragraph (1) of the PVP Law, it is stated that the varieties that can be given PVP include varieties of new, unique, uniform, stable, and named varieties of plants. This requirement is often abbreviated as BUSS, are namely:
1. New: not yet known by the public
2. Unique: can be distinguished from the existing varieties
3. Uniform: uniform outer appearance
4. Stable: planted anywhere according to agro ecological recommendations will have the same characteristics
The term of protection of PVP is divided into two, for crops protection period of 20 years counted from the grant date PVT. Meanwhile, for annual plants, the protection period is 25 years, calculated from the date the PVP rights were granted.
For more inquiries about PVP, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
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